Information analytical report on the results of "ROFES" diagnostics by Su Jouk method (psychophysiological constituent) based on the selection of diagnostics results of Olympic reserve and Secondary school students
Urgency of dependent state (alcoholism, narcomania, toxicomania) preventive-treatment problem is caused by the fact that in general narcomania has become national problem and became a serious threat for the whole state.
According to Russian Ministry of Health information, the average age when people start to take drugs is 15-17 and younger, i.e. schoolchildren. It is schools and public entertainment places for youth that are the main places of drugs spreading nowadays. Survey of older schoolchildren in autumn 2003 showed that almost 70% found out about drugs at school.
The efforts taken recently by the government and local authorities, including legislative bodies, more strict control at night clubs and other places of mass youth gathering had some results – drug spreading lowered a bit, especially of synthetic origin. However, there are still many things to be done for a significant change of the situation.
It must be also acknowledged that according to survey of young people the main reason of narcomania among youth is social environment, loss of moral values and lack of belief in a possibility of self-realisation – so called existential vacuum. Constant companion and kind of existential vacuum is boredom. Nowadays it causes much more problems than poverty. This can be explained by the fact that a need inspires a man to act in order to satisfy it while boredom leads to escape from reality, drinking, narcomania or antisocial behaviour.
Can sport be regarded as a variant of solution for this problem…?
Let us conduct a comparative analysis of ordinary school and Olympic reserve school students’ psychophysiological state.
Method. Diagnostics by the "ROFES" software and hardware device.
This method of body’s psychophysiological state express-diagnostics is integral assessment of body’s adaptation ability: it includes complex patophysiological characteristics and preliminary clinical diagnosis, provides for somatic status description and psychoemotional components.
Any behavioral response of a person is conditioned by motivating and stimulating aspects of personality. However, any incentive will be put in action only after it comes through the prism of person’s feelings and emotions. If the person can control this sphere in the most effective way, the incentive will be less disfigured.
The development of vital functions (body’s physiological structures) and system of physical characteristics (physical functions generated by body) during the personality formation occurs simultaneously with meridional structure formation which unites them into general structure of person’s integral individuality (Merlin V.S. "Integral Individuality").
The "ROFES" (recorder of function and emotional state assessment) diagnostics method (Patent of Russian Federation No.2202278 of 24.11.98) is aimed at detection of disadaptation syndrome. It allows to give qualitative and quantitative characteristic to the variants of adaptation irregularities, to assess the degree of body’s adaptation processes tension in a complex way, to interpret the nature of changes detected in terms of clinical medicine: subdepressive, astenic, vegetative abnormalities with further irregularities of personal sphere (asocial behaviour (suicide, narcomania), inclination to using different toxic matters etc.)
Students of 10-11 grades of secondary school (410 people) and 10-11 grades of Olympic Reserve Sports School (ORSS) (451 people) were diagnosed.
By the following parameters and groups:
BCFT - Body’s compensatory forces tension
Stress, poststress state
Marginal state close BCFT
Strong emotional overtension. Resistance
phase, closer to the phase of exhaustion according to Selye’s general
It is the rate of body’s harmonious state as a balance of his inside states – physiological and mental - in respond to environmental conditions.
It is the sum of medical (clinical) state’s components of the body as a living system when environmental conditions change – "homeostasis".
The results of vegeto-emotional tone (psychological feature, characterising person’s need to give and receive energy) state measurement’s expert assessment correspond to person’s extraversity-intraversity at the moment.
Higher vegeto-emotional tone (VET) shows the need to give energy and corresponds to extraverts. It is normal for choleric and sanguine persons and for children. For intraverts (melancholic and phlegmatic persons) it can be typical when their equilibrium is disturbed.
For this selection of schoolchildren and sport school students the results were the following:
With higher vegeto-emotional tone –
With medium, closer to higher VET –
With medium (neutral) tone –
With medium, closer to lower – boundary
state between medium and lower vegeto-emotional tone, i.e. change
from neutral state to the need to receive energy.
With lowered tone –
By analysing the components of the "ROFES" diagnostics method’s mental constituents, such as loss of life’s aims, loss of life’s orientation, escape to illusions, long-lasting negative emotions, phobias, depressive states, sign of "boredom syndrome", excessive intellectual overload, inadequate evaluation of others, too high self-appraisal, stubbornness, troubles connected with relatives; other peculiarities of neurodynamics (inborn feature of baby’s nervous system, type of vegetative-nervous activity): emotional steadiness or susceptibility to emotional stress or emotional lethargy. Presence or lack of possibility for such positive features as persistence, realisation of person’s problems, self-affirmation as an activity aimed at strengthening person’s own constructive position, a sign of intellect sphere mobilisation, accumulated energy potential which does not find the way for realisation – all this gives an opportunity to reveal 3 risk groups out of this selection:
Total conclusions on emotional state differential assessments
Thus, the examination showed that, considering peculiarities of juvenile age, worse social adaptation of children and teenager at school in general was observed.
The following measures are recommended:
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