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Information analytical report on the results of "ROFES" diagnostics by Su Jouk method (psychophysiological constituent) based on the selection of diagnostics results of Olympic reserve and Secondary school students

O. Stepanova, E. Afonina
Ural Academy of Physical Culture
Chelyabinsk

The seminar on advanced training for work with the "ROFES"

Urgency of dependent state (alcoholism, narcomania, toxicomania) preventive-treatment problem is caused by the fact that in general narcomania has become national problem and became a serious threat for the whole state.

According to Russian Ministry of Health information, the average age when people start to take drugs is 15-17 and younger, i.e. schoolchildren. It is schools and public entertainment places for youth that are the main places of drugs spreading nowadays. Survey of older schoolchildren in autumn 2003 showed that almost 70% found out about drugs at school.

The efforts taken recently by the government and local authorities, including legislative bodies, more strict control at night clubs and other places of mass youth gathering had some results drug spreading lowered a bit, especially of synthetic origin. However, there are still many things to be done for a significant change of the situation.

It must be also acknowledged that according to survey of young people the main reason of narcomania among youth is social environment, loss of moral values and lack of belief in a possibility of self-realisation so called existential vacuum. Constant companion and kind of existential vacuum is boredom. Nowadays it causes much more problems than poverty. This can be explained by the fact that a need inspires a man to act in order to satisfy it while boredom leads to escape from reality, drinking, narcomania or antisocial behaviour.

Can sport be regarded as a variant of solution for this problem?

Let us conduct a comparative analysis of ordinary school and Olympic reserve school students psychophysiological state.

Method. Diagnostics by the "ROFES" software and hardware device.

This method of bodys psychophysiological state express-diagnostics is integral assessment of bodys adaptation ability: it includes complex patophysiological characteristics and preliminary clinical diagnosis, provides for somatic status description and psychoemotional components.

Any behavioral response of a person is conditioned by motivating and stimulating aspects of personality. However, any incentive will be put in action only after it comes through the prism of persons feelings and emotions. If the person can control this sphere in the most effective way, the incentive will be less disfigured.

The development of vital functions (bodys physiological structures) and system of physical characteristics (physical functions generated by body) during the personality formation occurs simultaneously with meridional structure formation which unites them into general structure of persons integral individuality (Merlin V.S. "Integral Individuality").

The "ROFES" (recorder of function and emotional state assessment) diagnostics method (Patent of Russian Federation No.2202278 of 24.11.98) is aimed at detection of disadaptation syndrome. It allows to give qualitative and quantitative characteristic to the variants of adaptation irregularities, to assess the degree of bodys adaptation processes tension in a complex way, to interpret the nature of changes detected in terms of clinical medicine: subdepressive, astenic, vegetative abnormalities with further irregularities of personal sphere (asocial behaviour (suicide, narcomania), inclination to using different toxic matters etc.)

Results

Students of 10-11 grades of secondary school (410 people) and 10-11 grades of Olympic Reserve Sports School (ORSS) (451 people) were diagnosed.

By the following parameters and groups:

Psychoemotional status

BCFT - Bodys compensatory forces tension

Stress, poststress state
Resistance phase according to Selyes general adaptation syndrome
Schoolchildren 32%
Sportsmen 7%

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Marginal state close BCFT
Schoolchildren 7%
Sportsmen 12%
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Strong emotional overtension. Resistance phase, closer to the phase of exhaustion according to Selyes general adaptation syndrome.
Distress (emotional devastation). This state is possible: as normal before sleep; as indicator of defective recovery after sleep; as a result of disease (acute, subacute process)
Schoolchildren 31%
Sportsmen 2%
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Relative equilibrium
Emotional state emerges as a result of overcoming some obstacles or as a result of everyday fatigue after a calm day or before getting prepared (body mobilisation) to fulfill some task.
Schoolchildren 17%
Sportsmen 31%
____________________________________________________

Equilibrium state
Schoolchildren 7%
Sportsmen 33%
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Adaptation Potential

It is the rate of bodys harmonious state as a balance of his inside states physiological and mental - in respond to environmental conditions.

 

Recovery is needed. Adaptation potential
from 0 to 29%

Unsatisfactory state.
Adaptation potential
from 30 to 54%

Satisfactory state.
Adaptation potential
from 55 to 69%

Good state.

Adaptation potential
from 70 to 84%

Excellent state.
Adaptation potential
from 85 to 100%

Schoolchildren

6%

59%

22%

15%

8%

Sportsmen

7%

11%

9%

17%

54%

Functional State

It is the sum of medical (clinical) states components of the body as a living system when environmental conditions change "homeostasis".

Recovery is needed is characterised by bodys adaptation forces overtension. If this state lasts for a long time it may lead to total loss of bodys own resources and, as a result, may cause disease, mental disorder, emotional breakdown.

Schoolchildren-17%
Sportsmen - 0%

Unsatisfactory state is characterised by bodys adaptation forces tension in order to maintain harmonious state. Some additional mobilisation of bodys compensatory forces is needed to maintain ability to work and external emotional calmness is socially significant conditions in this state. All this leads to reduction in bodys adaptation reserve and, as a result, may cause breakdown in mechanisms providing adaptation for stressogenic environmental factors. When a person is in socially insignificant conditions, he may have emotional breakdown or depressive state (it depends on the type of vegetoneural activity and type of personality). If medical aspect prevails in the formation of this assessment, then the index of disease acute condition.

Schoolchildren - 59%
Sportsmen - 11%

Satisfactory state is when medical and psychological aspects of a person are balanced. This state is provided by bodys adaptation forces tension. This is in-between position between the state without adaptation forces tension in order to maintain bodys dynamical equilibrium.

Schoolchildren-22%
Sportsmen 9%

Good state

Schoolchildren-15%
Sportsmen 17%

Excellent state

Schoolchildren-2%
Sportsmen 64%

The results of vegeto-emotional tone (psychological feature, characterising persons need to give and receive energy) state measurements expert assessment correspond to persons extraversity-intraversity at the moment.

Higher vegeto-emotional tone (VET) shows the need to give energy and corresponds to extraverts. It is normal for choleric and sanguine persons and for children. For intraverts (melancholic and phlegmatic persons) it can be typical when their equilibrium is disturbed.

For this selection of schoolchildren and sport school students the results were the following:

With higher vegeto-emotional tone
Schoolchildren 2%
Sportsmen 31%

With medium, closer to higher VET
Schoolchildren 10%
Sportsmen 22%

With medium (neutral) tone
Schoolchildren 17%
Sportsmen 17%

With medium, closer to lower boundary state between medium and lower vegeto-emotional tone, i.e. change from neutral state to the need to receive energy.
Schoolchildren 20%
Sportsmen 15%

With lowered tone
Schoolchildren 51%
Sportsmen 13%

By analysing the components of the "ROFES" diagnostics methods mental constituents, such as loss of lifes aims, loss of lifes orientation, escape to illusions, long-lasting negative emotions, phobias, depressive states, sign of "boredom syndrome", excessive intellectual overload, inadequate evaluation of others, too high self-appraisal, stubbornness, troubles connected with relatives; other peculiarities of neurodynamics (inborn feature of babys nervous system, type of vegetative-nervous activity): emotional steadiness or susceptibility to emotional stress or emotional lethargy. Presence or lack of possibility for such positive features as persistence, realisation of persons problems, self-affirmation as an activity aimed at strengthening persons own constructive position, a sign of intellect sphere mobilisation, accumulated energy potential which does not find the way for realisation all this gives an opportunity to reveal 3 risk groups out of this selection:

  1. Children and teenagers which need rehabilitation of recovery, with low adaptation potential, in depressed state, bodys compensatory forces are tensed
    Schoolchildren 32%
    Sportsmen 0%
  2. Children with boundary state, close to tension of bodys compensatory forces, with unsatisfactory adaptation potential and unsatisfactory functional state.
    Schoolchildren 17%
    Sportsmen 7%
  3. Children and teenagers with strong emotional tension, close to exhaustion (psychoemotional status), state of distress (emotional devastation), asthenia syndrome, although with satisfactory adaptation potential, but with the loss of lifes aims, lowered ability to work, intellectual lethargy, abnormalities in cognitive activity, long-lasting negative emotions, phobias.
    Schoolchildren 15%
    Sportsmen 7%

Total conclusions on emotional state differential assessments

Schoolchildren:
Sign of intellectual lethargy with abnormalities in cognitive activity 0,65
Realisation of persons own problems 0,55
Loss of life stability 0,45
"Lowered hands" syndrome 0,40
Negative emotions 0,30

Sportsmen:
Presence of persistence 0,55
Loss of life stability 0,50
Long-lasting negative emotions 0,30
Acceptance of external circumstances 0,30

Thus, the examination showed that, considering peculiarities of juvenile age, worse social adaptation of children and teenager at school in general was observed.

The following measures are recommended:

  1. Additional collection of anamnestic data to reveal causes and to treat further (first risk group)
  2. Joining the efforts of social education specialists, psychological service in order to correct and recover psychoemotional and adaptation potential of students
  3. Including in the rehabilitation program some sport activities: camping trips, rafting, festivals, competitions, such as "Mom, dad and me sporty family", according to special federal program "Complex measures against using and illegal turnover of drugs 2002-2004".
  4. Pedagogical staff and administration should pay attention to the effectiveness of conditions created for students in teaching and educational process.
   
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